selection of Pub & Brewing related material.
In 1829 R H & Bowman
were selling stout at 80 St Giles Street, Norwich.
A typical brewing
10 dozen bottles of sherry
sold in 1841 by Joseph Geldart at the
discounted price of 4 shillings a bottle.
PIN = 36 pints = 4.5 gallons
FIRKIN = 72 pints = 9 gallons
KILDERKIN = 144 pints = 18 gallons
BARREL = 288 pints = 36 gallons
HOGSHEAD = 432 pints = 54 gallons
BUTT = 864 pints = 108 gallons
TUN = 1728 pints = 216 gallons
At the Kings Lynn Brewster Sessions, Monday 12th February 1912 it was
confirmed that following the recent declaration that penny-in-the-slot
machines were illegal, all such machines had been removed from licensed
houses in the borough.
CASK ALE =
Beer allowed to mature by secondary fermentation in the cask ( Barrel ).
Either served from a tap on the container or via a bar mounted suction
pump ( Hand pump ) Known by some as Real Ale.
KEG BEER =
Filtered and pasteurised and stored in barrels pressurised with either
nitrogen or carbon dioxide. Usually served chilled.
Six gallons of beer sold in 1842
for 6 shillings. ( 1½d a pint )
TRADE PRICES in 1881
1 gallon of brandy for 24/-
1 gallon of rum for 16/6d
and 1 gallon of gin for 15/6d
Sold in measures of 1/6th gill ( 192/gallon)
That is about 1½d for the brandy and 1d for a tipple of rum or gin.
The 1853 Betting Act made it illegal for any license holder to a).
suffer any gaming or unlawful game to be held on his premises or b).
open, keep, or use his premises in contravention of the said act, or
suffer his premises to be
opened, kept, or used in contravention of the said act.
A first offence would be liable to a fine not exceeding £10 for each
offence. Each subsequent offence would suffer a fine not exceeding £20.
In 1971 Watney Mann were running 8 breweries and almost 6,000 pubs
throughout the UK.
1860 the Burnham Foundry of Creak & Colby provided Wines &
See the FOUNDRY
In 1928 the
equipment to return beer to the barrel was
seemingly an essential money saving item.
Under Edward VI, in 1552, licensed victuallers were required to
appear before two Justices at
the quarter sessions in order to certify their behaviour. Licence renewal could be refused if
the conduct of the house fell short of expectations.
By 1753 a register of licensees ( Recognizances ) was to be
presented to the Justices at annual Brewster Sessions, held in
September. ( Alehouse Recognizances existed from at least the
Acts passed between 1828 and 1830 removed all control from the
Justices and many beer houses appeared.
At the Sessions for the County, Wednesday 22nd February 1823, the
Chairman Mr. Henry Dover, called for the attention of the Jury, to
the subject of Beer-houses. `Which he observed were public
nuisances, from becoming the receptacles of drunken and dissolute
persons and where crimes are planned. it was not for him to say
whether the Legislature would think it advisable to make any
alteration to the existing laws, but all persons, particularly the
Magistracy, were called upon to exert themselves to put the
provisions of the present Act in force; by compelling such houses to
be shut during divine service, and to be closed at ten o'clock at
night; and it should be understood, for the information of the
public, as well as keepers of such houses, that though the doors
were closed, if there were persons in the houses at, or after the
times mentioned, it amounted to keeping the house open contrary to
the Act and subjected the parties to penalties.'
The Beer Act passed 15th August 1834 required Commissioners of
Excise to issue licenses for the sale of beer or cider, but not
to be drunk in the house or premises, unless the certificate of
good character of the applicant could be sworn by six respectable
parishioners. ( Each rated at no less than six pounds )
The same Act allowed billetting of soldiers on licensed premises,
but only if an `on' licence was held. Also the Justices of the Peace
were to fix, once a year, at some time between 20th August and 14th
September the hours at which licensed houses could trade. In no case
was this to be before five in the morning or after eleven at night;
or before one o'clock in the afternoon on a Sunday, Good Friday,
Christmas Day, or any Fast or Thanksgiving Day.
The 1834 Act allowed police to enter premises whenever they thought
fit and refusal of admission was liable to a fine of £5. A second
such offence was liable to a conviction leading to the prevention of
selling beer etc., for a period up to 2 years.
A Certificate was NOT REQUIRED for any house in London and
Westminster, nor any town or city with a population exceeding 5,000,
NOR within the distance of one mile from the last polling place for
Members of Parliament.
Under Queen Victoria, in 1840, no house with a rateable yearly value
under £8 could be granted a licence to sell beer. Proof of rateable
value had to be presented to the clerk of the peace.